At the Scientific Workshop of the Institute of Geography, acad. H.Aliyev ANAS, PhD Etibar Badalov made a presentation on the theme “The process of urbanization and the Aran economic-geographical region.
The report focused on the situation and development of urban settlements in the region, as well as the level of urbanization in urban areas. The issues of marriage and divorce, the natural increase of the population were emphasized.
The average annual growth of the urban population in the region decreased from 8,000 to 5,000 in 2010-2018. Compared to 2015 (10.2-7 per thousand), the relative ratio has dropped sharply since 2017 (16.5-13.6).
The lowest rates are in Goychay, Zardab, Barda and Neftchala. The number of officially unregistered marriages was higher than 20%.The mortality rate has increased (6, 3-6,6) and exceeds the national indicators. In this respect, the urban population of Goychay, Zardab, Barda and Kurdamir regions is particularly different. The number of marriages decreases (7,5-6,5), and the number of divorces increases (1,5-1,8).
The speaker noted the significant difference between the urban and rural population in terms of mortality among infants. It is more than 10%, which is higher than in neighboring countries.
According to the researcher, measures should be taken at the state level to eliminate negative phenomena in demographic processes, and questions of medical insurance should be quickly implemented.