Based on a detailed study of more than 5,000 geographical names that existed on the territory of present-day Armenia until the first half of the 20th century and were subjected to toponymic genocide, the historical belonging of this territory to the Azerbaijani people was proved in scientific and legal terms.

Restored quantity indicators of climate existing on terrain of Azerbaijan in Absheron, Turkan and Baku terms. Increasing of tendencies of the cooling and aridity in the climate has been identified within the indicated time.

On the basis of researches perennial changes of climate is established, that in last 100 years on terrain of Azerbaijan temperature of air was increased approximately on 1,000C, quantity of precipitations, except for large cities, was increased on 7-8%.

Established enhancements of activity of villages on terrain of the Azerbaijan Republic, the new scale estimation of villages on ball system is drawn up, the measures on strife with negative consequences are offered.

On the basis decoding of new aerospace images the maps (1:100 000) geographic area, type, cause, degree and forecast of a desertification of the Azerbaijan coastal area are drawn up, the measures of strife with a desertification are prepared.

The forecast silting up and intensity of dynamics of the Azerbaijan water storage basins is given.

For parameterization of exchange in a system the atmosphere and sea non-stasionary model of a drive atmospheric slice was developing.

The correlation between fluctuation levels of the Caspian sea and solar activity is established, the semiempirical formula is obtained and the long-range forecasting of a level of the Caspian sea is given.

The physicsal and geographical model for the forecast distribution of contaminants in the Caspian sea is developed under different hydrometeorological conditions.

The complex the hydrometeorological atlas of the Caspian sea is compounded.

For this period the Institute of Geography prepares following atlases and maps:

The Agroclimaticale Atlas of the Azerbaijan Republic, 124 maps

The atlas of natural environments and resources of the Azerbaijan Republic, 300 maps

The complex hydrometeorological Atlas of the Caspian sea, 274 maps.

The atlas paleogeographical cards shelf’s of Eurasia in Mesozoic and Cenozoic, 129 maps.

Land-geochemical map of the Azerbaijan Republic (1:500 000).

The pleysonogical of a map for terrain Azerbaijan (1: 50 000).

The historical-geographical map titles of the Azerbaijan parentage on terrain of the Armenian Republic (1: 250 000).

Taking into account the morphological and morphometric features of morphostructures and morphosculptures developed in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, the territory was assessed by the degree of eco-geomorphological tension, and on its basis, eco-geomorphological zoning was carried out, and corresponding large-scale maps were compiled.

On the basis of eco-diagnostic principles, trends in the development and transformation of landscape complexes within the territory of Azerbaijan were found, the degrees of their degradation were determined, the potentials of natural resources were assessed, and as a result, a large-scale digital "Landscape Map of Azerbaijan" (M 1: 250,000) was compiled on a new scientific, practical and methodological basis.

All natural-destructive processes affecting the eco-geomorphological tension within the Greater Caucasus of Azerbaijan are classified and grouped according to the degree of danger. The synergetic potentials of their impact have been assessed, for the first time an ecogeomorphological zoning of the territory has been carried out according to the leading factor; internal differential connections between each ecogeomorphological unit and the main landscape complexes are determined.

As a result of the analysis of data from meteorological stations, of which there are more than 30 in Azerbaijan, an increase in temperature in the territory of the republic by 0.2-0.9°C, and a decrease in precipitation by 15-84 mm have been established. This caused an increase in vegetation by 12 days. A relief model of the bottom of the Caspian Sea in 3D has been prepared. The typicality of the elements Na, Ca, S, Cl, Sn, B, Mo, Pb, Tb, Pd in the Absheron geocomplexes has been revealed.

Structural-genetic components of geosystems in the GIS environment were studied by the method of an integrated approach, the natural resource potential of landscapes was determined, a landscape-ecological frame and a corresponding large-scale map were compiled.

Climatomalarial zoning of the country was carried out on the basis of a scale developed to assess the risk of human infection with malaria, as a result of which 5 regions, 6 semi-regions and 39 districts were identified.

The surface part of the phytocomplex reserves of the mountain-forest and mountain-meadow geosystems of the northeastern slope of the Greater Caucasus, the conditions for its connection with the biological cycle, volume-mass dimensions, the role of anthropogenic impacts in landslide formation, especially the large Urva, natural-geographical, were calculated. The degree of impact of environmental stresses is determined and the ways of their optimization are shown. In 3D format, large-scale (1:200,000) maps of developed territory (environmental loads) and slopes of the area have been compiled.

Relationships are revealed that make it possible to determine the size of the reflections of the spectral-energy characteristics of sea waves according to the distribution law. The study of this

communication in the microwave range makes it possible to detect large and small dangerous ocean waves using space methods.

Using the tools of the ArcGIS software package (Hydrology, Statial, Analyst, 3D Analyst, etc.), large-scale digital morphometric maps (slope angles, visibility of slopes, horizontal and vertical division, etc.) of the relief of the Greater Baku region were compiled. As a result of their analysis, potentially geomorphologically hazardous areas were identified.

Comparative analysis of existing landslide areas with potentially dangerous foci gave prognostically significant results. It has been established that over the past 20-25 years, the areas of landslides have increased by 12-13%, and the volume of landslide material by 15-20%, mainly as a result of anthropogenic pressure. In the Baku amphitheater, a block diagram has been compiled, reflecting the spatio-temporal dynamics of the landslide process.

On images obtained from geostationary satellites, a method has been developed to find the distribution of wind speed over the sea from the distribution of the luminosity of the sun, and this method has been tested for adequacy by applying it to Meteosat 9 satellite images.

A palynological analysis of oil, reservoir waters and core materials from the wells of the Binagadi field was carried out and the compatibility of pollen and spores of plants and unknown microfossils found in oil with Early Pliocene rocks was determined, and ancient Oligocene dinosaurs were found in reservoir waters and core. materials.

A formula for a simple and rapid calculation of groundwater runoff indicators involved in the water balance and river nutrition, based on the "Rational Method" and GIS technologies, is proposed.

The diagnostic and functional features of the ecological and geochemical situation in geosystems within the country have been determined, the patterns of concentrations of typomorphic macro- and microelements, poisonous salts, carcinogenic chemicals and compounds that can affect human health have been studied, and supplemented with a prognostic carrier triad, digital "Republic of Azerbaijan" , "Ecogeochemical landscape" and "Medical-ecogeochemical landscape". 

Based on the solution of differential equations of motion, a method has been developed for simulating and visualizing the movement of a car along the road.

On the basis of new factual materials for the whole country, the relief, geological structure are analyzed.

Copyright © ANAS Institute of Geography named academician H.A.Aliyev, 2022